American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons
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Research Productivity of Integrated Plastic Surgery Residents: Does Reputation Matter?
Rose S. Maisner, BS; Joshua Cadwell, MS, MBA; Claudia Siniakowicz, BS; Parisorn Thepmankorn, BS; Vaishali Ravikumar, BS; Lauren Zingaro, BA; Haripriya S. Ayyala, MD
Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ

Background: Reputation of integrated plastic surgery residency programs is associated with greater academic productivity of their full-time faculty and matched applicants, but whether this influences research output during residency is unknown. This study aims to determine whether program reputation and other factors influence academic productivity of integrated plastic surgery residents.
Methods: Programs were divided into 4 tiers based on Doximity rankings (top 1-20, 21-40, 41-60, > 60). Residents from 2019-2020 were found through program websites and social media accounts. Works published during residency were identified from July 1 of their intern year to August 29, 2020 through PubMed and Scopus. Variables included resident gender, medical school, and the ranking, geographic region, and medical school affiliation of the residency program. High research productivity was defined as having at least as many publications as the 75th percentile of residents adjusted by year of training. Statistical analysis included Chi-Square and multivariate regression (?=0.05).
Results: As of August 2020, 920 residents in 81 integrated plastic surgery programs were identified. The mean number of publications overall was 4.98 (range 0-78) and the mean number of publications adjusted for year of training was 1.58 (range 0-17.5). On multivariate analysis, residents in top 20 programs (OR=2.4, p<0.001) and from top 50 research medical schools (OR=1.5, p=0.009) were more likely to have higher research output. Residents in programs in the West and Northeast as well as in programs affiliated with a top 20 research medical school had higher productivity, although this was insignificant when taking other variables into account. Gender did not significantly influence research output.
Conclusion: Program ranking and medical school research reputation are associated with research productivity during integrated plastic surgery residency. More reputable institutions are likely to have greater resources. Applicants interested in dedicating their careers to research should consider programs at such institutions.

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