American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons
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The Wiki as an Enhanced Education Tool for Plastic Surgery: A New Opportunity to Foster Collaborative Learning using Social Media
Jonathan D Freedman1, Michael Pascoe2, Ryan Constantine1, Stephanie Malliaris1, Justin Cohen1, David Mathes1, Aaron Mason1
1Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Colorado, 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Colorado

Background: Educating residents on clinical surgical services is a challenging prospect that has been made more difficult by the COVID-19 pandemic. Wikis are part of the social media revolution that allow collaborative editing by their users. The best-known example is Wikipedia – the de facto encyclopedia of our time. However, wikis have not been previously utilized for surgical education in review of the literature. To address this gap, an internal Plastic Surgery Wiki for resident education was established at University of Colorado. The objectives of this project were to: 1. Analyze key website performance indicators using Google Analytics 2. Conduct a survey of the wiki’s value as a surgical education tool 3. Implement a reward incentive bounty for generating content.
Methods: The wiki was created with the DokuWiki (“Doku” is short for documentation in German; “Wiki” is Hawaiian for fast) platform and assigned the domain Google Analytics was used to track key performance indicators including: pageviews, session time, number of users and edits. A survey was administered with Google Forms. A bounty incentive system was funded with a Rymer Grant
Results: There was an average of over 500 unique pageviews per month. Users spent an average of 1.22 min on each page and there were 69 edits per month. The number of active users was consistent over the academic year (Figure 1). Over half the residents (61.6%) used the wiki at least daily and all residents (n = 13) rated wiki use as either quite important or essential (4 or 5 on a scale of 5; Figure 2). Seven residents generated 27 entries in response to the reward incentive bounty
Conclusion: The wiki acts as an enhanced education tool for collaborative learning as demonstrated by high daily access, universal resident utilization, and over half of residents generating content.

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