American Council of Academic Plastic Surgeons
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Trends in Gender Authorship of Presentations in Plastic Surgery The Meeting: A Decade Long Analysis
Sara J. Stewart, BS1; Sinan K. Jabori, MD2; Shivani Pandya, BS1; Salman Alawadi, MS3; Anne-Sophie Lessard, MD2; Devinder Singh, MD2; Sara Danker, MD2
1University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, 2Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, FL, 3Division of Educational and Psychological Studies, University of Miami, Miami, FL

Background: Despite recent literature highlighting gender disparities with regards to female authorship in plastic surgery journals, little is known about female authorship representation in abstracts presented at national meetings. This study sought to analyze the proportion of female to male abstract presenters at Plastic Surgery The Meeting (PSTM)
Methods: A retrospective review of all abstracts (oral and posters) presented at PSTM between 2010-2020 was performed. The number and names of the authors, authors’ affiliation, subspecialty, and awards granted at PSTM were recorded. An automated gender assignment tool (gender-api.com) was used to determine the gender of the authors. Descriptive statistics and trend analyses using Cochran-Armitage trend tests were performed
Results: Between 2010-2020, 3,653 abstracts were presented (oral=3,035, 83.1%; poster=618, 16.9%) with 22,196 (6,037 females, 27.2%) authors. Of these, 35.0% of first authors, 32.0% of second authors, and 19.0% of last authors were women. Overall, the proportion of the total number of female authors increased from 20.4% (n=153) in 2010 to 33.1% (n=1927) by 2020. Over the same period of time, the proportion of female first and last authors increased from 21.8% to 44.8% and 14.3% to 22.1%, respectively. The proportion of first, second, and last female authorship demonstrated a significantly positive linear trend between 2010-2020 (z=7.470, p<0.001; z=4.288, p<0.001; z=4.522, p<0.001; respectively). For the years in which subspecialty data was available (2016-2020), the proportion of female first authors in the aesthetic subspeciality (23.9%) was statistically significantly lower than female first authors in breast (41.8%), cranio/maxillofacial/head & neck (38.5%), practice management (43.3%), and research & technology (39.4%) subspecialities (p < 0.05). Males and females received awards at similar proportions in the years for which the data was available (2013-2018)
Conclusion: Our study demonstrates a significant increase in the representation of females as first, second and last authors in abstract presentations during PSTM within the last decade, though the absolute prevalence remains low.


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